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Black & Tan Coonhound

Black & Tan Coonhound

The Black & Tan Coonhound is a trail and tree hound – that is, a scent hound developed to hunt racoon (hence the derivative in the breed’s name). He is one of several Coonhound varieties and is distinguished by his black and tan markings. The origin of the breed trace back to the early colonial dogs and probably contain the blood of Foxhounds taken from England to North America in the 17th Century. In fact, until relatively recent times the Coonhounds were regarded as a variety of Foxhound. However, with the infusion of other breeds and types such as the Pointer, Setter, Bloodhound and French Hunting Hounds several varieties of Coonhound developed, often distinguished by colour, such as the Blue Tick Coonhound, the Redbone, the Treeing walker and the Plott. The Black and Tan was the first to be split from the American Foxhound.

The racoon was a source of meat and fur for the early colonist and hence the dogs that could hunt them became much valued. The Coonhound was developed to track the racoon by scent and the scenting prowess of the Coonhound are immense and he gives voice when on the trail, is capable of going through water. Whilst the Black and Tan Coonhound does have the courage to kill, he often ends up “treeing” the racoon – that is holding the racoon at bay when it takes refuge up a tree.

General appearance

Fundamentally a working dog, capable of working in all seasons and across all terrains. In his native North America used principally for trailing and treeing raccoon, the breed hunts entirely by scent.

Length of body equal to, or slightly greater than height of the dog at the withers, measured from the point of shoulder to point of buttock and from withers to ground. Neither leggy nor too close to the ground.


The characteristics and courage of the Coonhound also make him proficient in the hunt for larger game. The general impression is one of power, agility and alertness. Impressive ability to cover the ground with powerful rhythmic strides.


Even temperament, outgoing and friendly. A working scent hound, able to work in close contact with other hounds and people.

Head and skull

Cleanly moulded. Skull tending to oval in outline with medium stop. Viewed in profile, skull almost parallel to muzzle. Head in proportion to body, dogs masculine and bitches feminine in appearance. Deep flews, strong underjaw. Nostrils well open and always black. Skin devoid of folds. Excessive wrinkles highly undesirable.


Almost round, not deeply set, with close fitting eye rims. Expression alert, friendly and eager. Hazel to dark brown. Yellow or light eyes highly undesirable.


Set low, at or below eye level, and well back on skull. Hanging in graceful folds, extending well beyond the tip of the nose.


Jaws strong, teeth large with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.


Muscular, medium in length, slightly crested, without excess dewlap.


Shoulders well laid back. Good length and return of upper arm. Forelegs straight, with elbows turning neither in nor out. Pasterns strong and upright.


Well-sprung, rounded ribcage. Chest reaches to elbow. Back level, powerful and strong. Loin broad and well muscled. Flanks deep. Croup slightly sloping to tail set.


Muscular and well boned. From hip to hock long and sinewy. Hock to pad short and strong. Stifles well bent, inclining neither in nor out. Rear pasterns vertical.


Compact, well knuckled, with well-arched toes and thick, strong pads.


Strong, set slightly below level of back. In action carried high, in a scimitar fashion.


Easy and graceful with good reach and drive. Viewed from the front, the forelegs move straight and true in an effortless manner. Viewed from the rear, the movement is straight and true with the hocks neither too wide nor too close. At higher speeds the dog will reach out further with shoulder and upper arm but will maintain a level topline, rhythm and increased length of stride. When in action, the head and tail carriage is proud and alert.


Short, dense and weatherproof. Honourable scars permissible.


Coal black with rich tan markings above eyes, on side of muzzle, chest, legs and breeching, with black pencil markings on toes. Tan markings should not predominate. White markings highly undesirable.


Ideal height: males 64-69 cms (25-27 ins), females 58-64 cms (23-25 ins).


Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.


Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

SKU: 43870 Category: Tag:


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